Alpaca Breeds: What are the two Types of Alpacas

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Alpacas are gentle and adorable creatures known for their luxurious fleece, which is cherished by people worldwide. These fascinating animals come in two distinct breeds – Huacaya and Suri – each boasting unique characteristics and fleece qualities.

Huacaya alpacas are the more common of the two, making up around 90% of the overall alpaca population. Their fleece is crimpy and grows perpendicular to the skin, giving them a wooly appearance. On the other hand, the rarer Suri alpacas, comprising 10% of the population, have straight fiber that curls towards the ground, resembling dreadlocks. 

Both breeds share similarities and differences, making each an interesting choice for enthusiasts and fiber connoisseurs alike.

As we delve deeper into the world of alpacas, understanding the distinction between Huacaya and Suri breeds serves as a solid foundation for appreciation of these captivating animals.

Overview of Alpaca Breeds

Alpacas are members of the camel family and are native to the Andean regions of South America. They have been domesticated for thousands of years, there are two distinct breeds of alpacas: Suri and Huacaya.

Suri Alpacas

red suri alpaca

The Suri Alpaca is a relatively rare breed, making up less than 10% of the world’s alpaca population. The main characteristic of Suri alpacas is their unique fleece, which consists of long, silky fibers that hang down in locks, resembling dreadlocks. This lustrous and fine fleece is highly sought after and prized for its softness and versatility in textile production.

Aside from their distinctive fleece, Suri alpacas have a slender body, elegant neck, and elongated ears. They can be found in various shades and color combinations, making them appealing to breeders and fiber enthusiasts alike. Due to their rare nature, they are often considered a luxury breed within the alpaca community.

Huacaya Alpacas

huacaya alpaca standing on grass

Huacaya Alpacas are the more common of the two breeds, making up over 90% of the worldwide alpaca population. The distinguishing feature of Huacaya alpacas is their dense, crimped fleece, which gives them a soft, fluffy appearance. The crimp in their fleece provides elasticity and makes it suitable for use in a variety of textiles, including knitting and weaving projects.

Similar to the Suri breed, Huacaya alpacas have a range of colors and patterns in their fleece. They also have a compact body, shorter neck, and slightly smaller ears compared to their Suri counterparts. Due to their greater prevalence, Huacaya alpacas are more commonly seen in alpaca herds and fiber production industries.

Both Suri and Huacaya alpacas are known for their gentle temperament, making them ideal for small-scale farming and as pets in some cases. They are also a sustainable choice for fiber production due to their low-impact grazing habits and ability to thrive in various environments.

Fiber Quality and Uses

suri and huacaya alpaca fleeces

There are two different types of alpacas, each producing distinct types of fibers with unique qualities and uses. These two breeds are the Suri and Huacaya alpacas.

Suri Alpaca Fiber

The Suri alpaca fiber texture is often compared to cashmere. Suri alpaca fibers display a lustrous shine, as they reflect light rather than absorbing it.

Due to its luxurious feel and appearance, the Suri alpaca fiber is commonly used for high-end fashion items, such as shawls, scarves, and other accessories. It can also be blended with other fibers, such as silk or cashmere, to create delicate fabrics.

Huacaya Alpaca Fiber

Huacaya alpaca fiber grow in bundles and often resemble sheep wool. Huacaya fibers reflect light as brightness, giving the fleece a soft, appealing glow.

As the most common type of alpaca fiber used in yarn production, Huacaya fibers are found in various knitwear items, such as sweaters, hats, and blankets. The softness and warmth of Huacaya alpaca fiber make it an excellent choice for cozy, comfortable clothing.

Specifics for Each Breed

There are two main breeds of alpacas: the Huacaya and the Suri. While the overall care for both breeds is generally the same, there are some differences in their fleece care.

Huacaya alpacas: The fleece should be sheared annually. Be sure to remove mats and debris from their fleece to maintain its quality and to prevent skin problems.

Suri alpacas: Their fleece generally needs to be sheared every two years. Their hair growth is about 30 centimeters (12 inches) in two years, yielding fine fleeces of about 3 kilograms (6.5 pounds) per animal.

Choosing the Right Alpaca Breed

Factors to Consider

When deciding between Huacaya and Suri alpacas, consider the following factors:

  • Purpose: Determine the primary reason you want to raise alpacas. If you’re focused on fiber production, Huacayas typically produce more fleece. On the other hand, Suri fibers are known for their silky texture and luster, making them more luxurious and sought after in the textile industry.
  • Maintenance: Both breeds require regular grooming, but Suris need more meticulous care due to their longer fibers. Consider the time and effort you can dedicate to grooming and maintaining their fleece.
  • Availability: Huacayas make up around 90% of all alpacas, so they are easier to find and generally less expensive. If you’re interested in owning the rarer Suri breed, be prepared for a more extensive search and potentially higher costs.

Tips for Selecting Alpacas

Once you’ve identified the breed that best suits your needs, consider the following tips when selecting individual alpacas:

  1. Choose healthy animals with a good body condition and balanced conformation. A veterinary checkup is recommended before purchasing alpacas to ensure their overall health.
  2. Examine the fleece quality, including fiber density, fineness, and consistency. High-quality fleece is crucial if you plan on selling it or using it for textiles.
  3. Get to know the alpacas behavior. Friendly, easy-to-handle animals will make your experience more enjoyable.
  4. Visit multiple breeders and compare what each has to offer. A good breeder should provide you with detailed information about the alpacas, including lineage and health history. Do not be afraid to ask questions to ensure you make an informed decision.

By carefully considering your needs and selecting alpacas based on these factors, you can ensure a successful and rewarding alpaca-owning experience.

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Paul Brown is the founder and chief editor at We are a family-owned and operated farm that has been raising and caring for animals for generations. Our farm is located in Nebraska, we believe that the best animal products come from the happiest, healthiest animals, and that’s why we are dedicated to ethical and sustainable farming practices that prioritize the well-being of our animals.